Michael Faraday was born into a poor family on September 22nd of 1791 in southern London. Faraday dropped out of school when he was 14 to work at at a local bookseller. This allowed Faraday ample time to read, and he used it as an opportunity to teach himself about science and math.

In 1812, Faraday attended a series of lectures by Humphrey Davy, a prominent scientist at the time. Davy hired Faraday as his assistant when he received in the mail a 300 page book from Faraday based on notes he had taken during the lectures. In 1813, Faraday was appointed as a Chemical Assistant at the Royal Institution in Britain.

As a chemist, Faraday studied many elements and compounds, most prominently chlorine and carbon. Faraday also conducted the first experiments regarding the diffusion and liquefaction of gases. Faraday invented an early form of the Bunsen burner, a design that is still used to generate heat to this day.

Faraday is most famous for his studies of electricity and electromagnetism. Although electricity was already discovered, Faraday’s work allowed the production of continuous sources of electricity. In other words, Faraday’s efforts made electricity practical for use in technology. Some of Faraday’s earliest experiments include the creation of an electric motor using electromagnetic rotation in 1821. These discoveries became the foundation of modern electromagnetic technology.

Faraday is also well-known for his development of Faraday cages, devices made of conductive material capable of neutralizing external magnetic fields by distributing electric charges such that the effect of the field is canceled inside the enclosure. Such devices are used today to protect sensitive electronic equipment from electric interference or lightning strikes.

In the early 1840s, Faraday’s health began to deteriorate, and he died on August 25th of 1867 at Hampton Court.

Faraday’s work with electricity and the continuous generation of power proved instrumental in constructing many of Horsley Towers defenses and systems, especially the automatons and the submarine found in Level Four. Faraday cages were closely studied as a method of possibly warding off S, since they are able to repel and cancel external forces using electromagnetism. However, due to the enigmatic nature of S and the lack of time, this strategy was never implemented.